BEYOND ANIMAL EXPLOITATION

A Holocaust Unequalled

It becomes undeniably clear, considering the evidence, that the innumerable ways in which the human species exploit nonhuman sentient beings on our shared planet are having a profoundly detrimental effect on sustainable world development. In fact, the massive abuse, subjugation and killing of nonhuman animals has been contributing in large part to dire climate disaster, threatening the balance of biodiversity, decimating clean water sources and air quality spreading disease, threatening sustainability of food availability, and has long been a rooted genesis of moral indifference and violence within our societies.

The aim of this article is to demonstrate how imperative it is to not only address the seriousness of this injustice, but to create laws to effectively enact change to curb these disastrous effects and horrific cruelties. We feel there is overwhelming evidence that there is no justification, no moral ground, no practical reason, to continue denying the need to fully protect the inherent rights to which nonhuman animals as sentient feeling beings deserve. Not to mention how crucial this is to preventing the continuation of a mass extinction of life which could reach proportions the likes of which have not occurred in 66 million years, yet would be highly likely to include the demise of mankind. These sentient beings, to whom we have caused such outlandishly cruel subjugation, are long overdue their freedom from our tyranny.

Humanity’s Cruel Exploitation of Nonhuman Beings Must End

Bee On Flower

Never in the history of our world has there been death and slaughter to equal the current rate of loss of animal life in this day and age, the age in which we now live.

When we consider the purposes of laws, is not the reasoning behind creating laws to protect life and to preserve freedoms? However, in devising sustainable goals for our world to survive, have we humans fully considered the other sentient species inhabiting the Earth, their home as much as ours? Sadly we have not. Our laws only consider nonhuman animals as “commodities” for our uses, personal “possessions”, or as “pests” inconvenient to the expansion of our domains, and, beyond questionable efforts to preserve species from extinction, they do not come close to protecting their rights. This is wrong, unjust, unnecessary, and in fact, this attitude only foils progress in preserving our world. This approach is not only wrong, it is greatly hindering the future of our shared survival, a survival that greatly depends on all living species.

From the very first interactions of human beings and nonhuman beings, whom humanity has come to term “Animals”, although technically we are all animals, humans have subjugated them to roles of companion, laborer, unwitting entertainer, trophy, test subject, food and apparel source etc. We have consigned them, their body fluids and body parts, to our possession defined as “products”. We have callously enslaved them in unhappy to absolutely torturous lives, to be subdued in such “service”, and “consumed” relentlessly in mind-boggling numbers.

Deer In Forest

We have selfishly for our own purposes so encroached upon wild animal habitat, throwing elaborately balanced ecosystems off-kilter through our ever-expanding civilization and its “waste products” to a point of delivering hundreds to thousands of nonhuman species into the absolute void of extinction. We have done this while causing extreme hardship for others living in an ever-shrinking wild, who if not for their gifts of adaptability, resilience, and an incredible will to survive, would have given up to that void as well. With little thanks to us, many now stand on its edge teetering upon our legislative whims.

Think of the number of them we consume as food; over 150 BILLION per year of land and sea. Think of how many we force “breed” only to die supposedly to sustain us, or to be subjected to unending agonies as “scientific” test subjects for HUMAN existence when their physiological body makeup so incredibly differs from our own to the point where this can no longer can be justified upon results, the FACT being that we now have superior alternative means to test products and medicines for our use. We also breed them for profit, or by “accident” of neglect, for roles as consoler, playmate, assistant, protector, educator, entertainer, yet so many millions are discarded all because of human ignorance, laziness, and greed. In light of all this, you can say we humans have looked upon nonhuman animals as disposable, as trash, unmistakably many humans do think so of them, even though some would claim they do so unconsciously. Thus there is the need for serious education and complete transparency, as we can no longer accept nor afford willful denial, because only implementing basic welfare protection laws is not enough.

For many of those meant to range freely in the natural world, they live instead in a world of enslavement, torture and death, all for the gratification and monetary profit of mankind.

Bird On A Twig

The various sentient species in the wildernesses of this world termed “Wild Animals” have not only had their habitat so devastatingly encroached upon, they have been exploited for their internal fluids and body parts for everything from so-called ”medicinal” concoctions to wall hangings and furniture. They are also cruelly enslaved for our “entertainment” by brutally being forced to “perform” unnatural acts that put them at risk of serious injury. They live their entire lives between performing these acts in unnatural environments, most often behind bars, both extremely confining and torturously boring to the point of developing psychotic behaviors to the extent of self-mutilation. This very much is the case when these wild species are raised and kept in zoos for “educational purposes”.

In the fur “industry” animals are stacked in small cages, where isolated and not able to act naturally they usually go insane. It is a common fur trade “technique” to kill them by anal electrocution to preserve the “sheen” of their coat to gain a higher price when sold in the fashion markets of the wealthy. Many wild species are often captured as young and torn from their mothers, and when adults are hunted their young are often left to fend on their own. Studies show indiscriminate hunting throws off the balance of a species natural order often detrimentally effecting the ecosystems that depend on them. To deny these sentient beings evolved to live in a vast wilderness their freedom, to contain them in such a manner for these absurd purposes, to indiscriminately kill them for sport and “harvest” their bodies as “trophies” so defies logic to a conscientious mind it is beyond comprehension. However, these are only some of the ways Humanity grossly encroaches upon the natural world and its inhabitants.

Evidence of human destruction within the oceans is undeniable. Human habits and human pollutants are killing indiscriminately at a markedly disturbing rate.

Our oceans are suffering, the inhabitants therein are suffering, some actually suffocating in the very environment in which they were meant to breathe freely, in voids aptly named “dead zones”. The ocean dwellers are ingesting a product we were so proud of discovering not so long ago for OUR purposes, which will remain floating in sea waters for hundreds of years to come, and it is killing them by the billions. You would think that tons of toxins trickling from streams and rivers into these huge bodies, diluted in such a vast amount of water would come to no harm, and in the beginning that’s what we were told, yet the one place where our destructive tendencies is completely undeniable is our oceans.

Though the results of oil drilling oil spills from decades past still mire the waters, it does not simply go away, just like the plastic that was derived from oil. Billions have died as oil has been absorbed into the feathers and gills of the unsuspecting, ever-present it continues to kill. What of the potential ills, the inevitable damage, from drilling and fracking for oil in and near the oceans, an act that is something that should not ever have been considered, but for the love of “profit” disastrous results will be dismissed. What profit then can come from potentially splintering the bedrock of the Earth where continental shelves lose their delicate stability. What dire results are we willing to pay for that?

Fishing as a resource for human food has seen countless caught up in netting where never intended, yet are discarded, not being the desired “catch” of the day, while the “catch” lay on boat decks unable to breathe writhing in panic, the undesired “trash” thrown back into the sea their corpses sinking into the depths. Now the concept of factory farming has migrated to consign the oceans fish to similarly constrained confinement as land farmed animals. Trillions of nonhumans die from our rape of the oceans, billions we will never see again, their kind gone forever into that blank void of extinction. It is not only those in the wild who feel the painful constraints of subjugation, it is also those we have selected over the course of our existence to “serve” us in a myriad of ways, these species inevitably suffer horribly from the ways we have exploited them.

In playing god by creating species of “livestock” only to callously take their lives away, mankind has truly become blind to the meaning of compassion and abandoned morality in his apathy and indifference to life.

An egotistical trait of the human species is control through manipulation. Animal agriculture has created its own version of language to obfuscate the reality of food. Just as thousands of years ago human-controlled breeding manipulated the DNA of wild aurochs, wild boars, and wild jungle fowls, animal agriculture not only obfuscates language, they seek to own it. So in the animal industrial complex’s obfuscation of language cows, pigs, and chickens cease to be and become instead steak, ham, hot wings, omelets, and the lives of male calves become instead bowls of ice cream. However they are termed upon a plate or in a bowl, these sentient beings never chose to end up there, nor do they choose to live a tortured life and experience a terrifying violent death.

Barbed Wire Chicken

It is evident now, as has been proven throughout history, that there is no need to eat the flesh or fluids of nonhuman beings we term “food” animals. Vegetarian and vegan diets have proven in many cultures, in many areas of the world, to be a healthy and sustainable means of acquiring a complete nutritional way of living. In fact, many highly reputable medical sources recommend a plant-based diet for optimum health. There is solid evidence that our bodies are not best equipped to eat meat, nor were we ever meant to ingest the milk of another mammal other than our own mother’s milk as infants. Thus this becomes a doable challenge we CAN meet to provide plant-based complete nutrition to all our world citizens. It is not only more monetarily cost-effective, it is cost-effective in terms of food safety to prevent disease, and much better for the environment. This IS a sustainable solution to the question of feeding our growing population while maintaining livestock and continuing massive commercial fishing as world food sources just is not. Even the question of offering flesh and fluids from living animals to a select few is now a moot point for the future due to the ability to grow animal parts from DNA samples. This can be reproduced without the enslavement and butchering of nonhuman animals. Knowing what we know, there can be no reason to even debate the point of continuing to support “livestock production”, nor can we maintain the delusion of “humane meat” to justify killing healthy beings who do not want to die.

Why do we continue to ingest into our bodies the toxins associated with raising and “processing” nonhuman animals for consuming their flesh and fluids makes us sick, creating fertile possibilities of cancers and consistently spreading disease? Why this futility when we are finding, due to overuse of antibiotics in these massive CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feed Operations) to combat the unavoidable spread of contaminations, that we now experience antibiotic resistance and realize the advent of “superbugs” that cannot be cured? This absurdity is enough! Why are we eating cancer?

It’s obvious these powerful “industries” are failing us. While polluting the above-ground waterways with “enhancement” chemicals released through unfathomable amounts of dung and viscera, they are verging on depleting underground aquifers all to grow feed for “livestock” on a massive amount of acreage. These industries are spewing extremely detrimental aerosols into the atmosphere to intolerable extents, and are extremely skilled at evading their responsibility. They should as well bear responsibility for child labor when these corporations accrue land in underdeveloped countries where families must see their children toil to harvest animal feed crops while they go hungry. This powerful industry holds sway over politicians and hides itself purposefully to avoid doing the right thing though doing so at this point may bring its own death. What then DOES it mean to aspire to be ethically industrious?

What of those who commit the slaughter, shedding the blood, decapitating the bodies, who package up the ribs, shanks, breasts, thighs, all the body parts and internal fluids that end up in the “meat” and “dairy” case of your grocery store.

It is no wonder why there is a shortage of willing workers to fill positions in these “processing” plants. Workers are being inundated day after day with the slaughter of sentient beings, who are aware and alert to their fate, and the worker as well is aware that the animals are aware of the worker’s role in that fate. One could say this is an apt environment for most humans to experience moral conflicts, often leading to Moral Indifference. In fact, studies of this disturbing human experience have deemed it a very specific form of Traumatic Stress, a unique type of P.I.T.S. (Perpetration-Induced Traumatic Stress). In this form of P.I.T.S., the worker is not the victim of the attack, but the “casual participant” of the actual cause of attack to the victim, the most extreme type of attack in fact. Because this is not just a threat of harm but indeed the ultimate harm one could image visiting upon another sentient living being, an emotionally distraught being, fully aware, as the slaughterhouse worker is aware of not only being a direct party to their death but to dismembering their bodies while covered in the victims blood, sometimes when the animal is still alive. To “perform” these acts day after day on a fast-paced assembly line that is akin to a satanic version of a morgue. This Moral Conflict combined with the pressure to keep the pace triggers in the slaughterhouse worker a Moral Indifference to life. Controlled studies have shown that shortly after one of these “processing” plants opens, substance abuse rates, crime rates, and domestic violence rates dramatically increase, (as does human illness and disease) in these “out of the way” communities where the industries purposely locate them.

Calf In Dark Stall

This is a horrid situation for most slaughterhouse workers, most poor people of color, many being immigrants, some with limited visas, some illegal, and a great many more brought in illegally by human labor traffickers, holding them hostage, all of this well known to the industry hierarchy. This more personal animal abuse by individual humans involves a heinous betrayal of trust.

Even when we choose to call some animals companions, many humans lack the understanding of such a commitment selfishly leaving millions of those unsuspecting species, whose DNA we’ve so carefully “selected”, to terrible fates of abuse.

Cat At Window

Though some will argue that we care deeply for our companion animals, and many, many of us truly do, still so many of those will lavishly spend their time and money on one species while eating another without thought, except to say while licking their lips how “juicy” the “steak” (dead muscle) they scorched on a grill tasted. Though many nations offer some level of lawful protections for various companion animals, they offer little to no protections to those animals deemed “food”, except to “preserve” the health of the living “food product”, nor much if any protection for “test” animals tortured in labs.

Yet even those beings we keep as companions for comfort and aid, play, sport, and work, have succumbed to horrid misuse and abuse from varying levels of subversion to vicious and violent attacks by the human beings who professed to “care” for them. In many areas they also suffer horrendously from neglect of compassionate consideration by the lack of the simplest of breeding management spay and neuter measures, instead being cruelly killed by means of poisoning or brutally beaten to death by the thousands. Be they domestic strays, feral, or of the wild, animals are brutally exterminated in this way as “pests”. There are even worse ways to this “culling” of homeless companion and wild animals, which is to be sold off to those humans who would torture them to death, by boiling them alive, blowtorching them alive, or skinning them alive, under the reason defying belief that their tortured psyche creates an effect in their dead muscle that upon consuming their “meat” would make you cool in summer and virile in bed.

Dog In Woods

In expanding on “The Link” between the violence of humans towards nonhuman beings, even when sanctioned by governments, and its transference to humans committing violent acts upon other humans, we find this link relevant in all areas of animal exploitation.

The first of many reports on the relation between humans abusing nonhuman animals and human violent crime came from studying mass murderers who had histories of violence toward animals. Unfortunately, this has become an obvious pattern of humanity on many levels, a most horrid cycle that centers on violence and death visited upon nonhumans with the side effect of humans being violent to other humans.

In a closer examination of violence humans perpetuate upon nonhuman beings, and how that cycles back to Human targeted violence and crime, we consider the “scientific” testing done to Nonhuman Beings; live vivisections, brain and spinal cord conscious severing, with a veritable Frankenstein Monster coming into to play on our imaginations, all too real. Much of these torturous acts are sanctioned by governments, often financed with citizen’s tax dollars, even performed within institutions of higher learning subsidized by corporate interests. What your imagination displays, though tipped off by science fiction movies, is not half of what happens in reality in these labs.

What twisted psyche is capable of this type of “performance”? What level of PITS does this kind of psyche experience, and in turn what type of psychotic affect does it release upon the community? There have been many arrests and convictions of animal “experimenters” committing extreme violent crimes whose background included conducting these grotesque “tests” on Nonhuman Beings in heinous ways that defy any moral justification. There are many better alternatives now, so why continue abusing animals while this method of “experiment” only hinders viable science advancement. In no way do we mean for this to imply that the practice of science in and of itself is not a viable and essential contributor to the forward progress and health of our societies, to the preservation of the natural world, and indeed good solid science is a crucial component of the case we present to you here.

Yet even as we thought to have exposed the worst of humanity’s cruel subjugation of the animal kingdom; the massive killing in animal agriculture, the misguided culling of wild animals under the guise of species conservation, the rape of the ocean dwellers and their habitat, the terrible cruelty in the science labs, the callous sport and abandonment of companions, the violence cycle, and the vindictiveness of the dog and cat torture meat trade, there is still more. In the last several years, there have been heinous atrocities of extremely violent nonhuman animal abuse, viciousness unseen before by the mass public until the advent of internet networking. The perpetrators are often teenagers, young adults, seeking attention by posting what they’ve termed “crush” videos. This includes photos and video of bestiality and zoophile pornography, which to the distress of law enforcement agencies has been widespread on social media platforms, with a large network of viewers and a backlash of domestic and sexual violence from rapists and pedophiles.

We could say this link of violence goes one step more, for as long as Humanity views Nonhuman Animals as “resources” and “commodities” disputes over “possession” will arise even to the point of war.

Horse Eating Hay

Though this pattern of violence, aptly named “The Link”, currently is being focused on an individual level, it also has been seen in history to be perpetrated on a massive scale, although the abuses to the victims take on a different cast. Historically massive violence was perpetuated through war, many fought over resources and commodities such as oil, precious metals, and of course others fought over animals as transport, laborers, and also food resources. If the world stays on its present course basic food commodities again will be in dispute, along with the lands able to sustain life. With future predictions as they are today, “livestock” and other food resources could very soon once again become the catalyst for massive worldwide conflicts, along with the more obvious, a dire need for freshwater access.

We’ve already seen this gruesome nightmare raising its head in trade embargoes and trade wars of late between the U.S. and China. The die is cast, the shadows looming, as swine flu decimates China’s pig stock and the H1N1 virus takes human tolls, China interests, in turn, have purchased one of the largest U.S. pork-producing companies, and purchased U.S. croplands for growing feed crops. These foreign land purchases also give China opportunity to freely tap one of the world’s largest underground aquifers beneath U.S. soil. This is but one example, many other countries can and have clashed within similar scenarios. As long as humanity insists on speciesist definitions of nonhuman animals, persisting in viewing them, their body parts and internal fluids as “commodities”, this seems an invitation culminating in violent disaster. Whereas current clashes center around oil, the future could flip the coin to land on animals, as well as clean water, the disputed resources plunging us into another world war. Is this then the inevitable pattern of mankind, to perpetuate violence by killing other Earth species before killing each other?

When considering the origins of sadistic violence in man’s perceived “dominion” over others, it becomes obvious where the root cause lay when reviewing the history of mankind’s treatment of other animal species.

It is fairly well known, though not severely acted upon judiciously, that violence perpetrated by humans upon nonhuman beings leads to violence toward humans. This goes far back in our history to the extent that in ancient times, in many civilizations, a boy became a man, a warrior, only upon the act of killing another sentient being; sometimes a human or sometimes a nonhuman. In fact, in an archaeological discovery in Russia, evidence was found that young boys of an ancient civilization having raised a “pet” dog from a puppy, would in a ceremonial transition from puberty to adulthood be required to murder his beloved companion. This we can presume, hardened him to the callous attitude of the Cossack or Viking warrior judged by his ability to viciously cut down the life of a being who served at his side as a devoted, loving companion throughout his childhood. This was found when asking the question ”When did this callous human attitude toward nonhuman animals first appear in our history?”.

This question leads further into the realms of sacrifice, extremely brutal acts, often in preparation of battle to both appease the gods for victory and to invoke that berserker killing frenzy in the warriors. Sacrificial victims were sometimes humans, yet most often unwitting nonhuman animals were subjected to being burned alive, dismembered whilst screaming in agony, and even buried alive to “honor” a fallen warrior. Throughout history, the sacrifice of nonhumans came about as well to appeal to a god for good weather, abundant crops, fertility, even to bless home and places of worship, and on and on, as if a loving God we might want to believe in would approve of such wonton killing of innocents. Ironically, what humans do to animals today is much the same. It is our belief that we must change this pattern if we expect to survive.

With the aim of sustaining life on Earth, clarity, cooperation, and compassion are key. Inevitably, in view of the points presented here, one logical goal would then be to end all animal exploitation.

Birds On Lake

So we come to the original point of the creation of laws to protect life and preserve freedoms.

Though legislations have been proposed, laws for animal welfare enacted, animal “welfare” laws are obviously not enough to curb the tide of the greatest holocaust the world has ever known, a holocaust of epic proportions that will be the end of us, unless, and until, we recognize nonhuman animals rights of personhood, with the universal right to protection under laws that guarantee life and liberty without exploitation, where humans can no longer define any of them as property.

Recall the ancient barbarian adolescent who murders his faithful dog upon becoming a warrior man. As long as we allow this violence to cycle, if we continue to casually participate in its violence by our habits of consumerism even from childhood, we will remain barbarians never truly having evolved?

What we are pointing to is how the violence humanity has visited upon nonhuman beings, in so many ways, for so many unnecessary purposes, for so long, out of perceived “need” and out of pure “superior” vindictiveness, without considering the rights of those Nonhuman’s preservation apart from of our own self-interests, that this holocaust has so soured Human cultures, stripped human health, depleted Earths resources, spoiled her soil, air, water and higher atmosphere, that it cannot be denied any longer and must STOP NOW, before we all succumb to the 6th great extinction on this planet Earth, our SHARED home.

The author would like to credit the weblink sources for the invaluable information and visual testimonies in lending credence to the message herein. Without the dedication of organizations that strive to provide a clear view into truths otherwise hidden or masked in areas of gray, the public would be blind to these stark realities. These organizations and individuals have our undying gratitude. Such rampant abuses of life, the Earth’s air, water, and soil upon which we all rely to exist, must not be ignored lest we lose all. These are life matters for all, human and nonhuman alike. As Chief Seattle once said, “Man does not weave the web of life, he is merely a strand of it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself.” We cannot begin to consider attaining Sustainable Development Goals for the future of the planet without animal rights laws. Until we set a goal to End Animal Exploitation we will never evolve, in fact we as a species will simply cease to be.

Animal Exploitation – The Big Picture – references

Section 1 – Intro

“What the Crow Knows” ( theatlanticmagazine.com/archive/2019/3 )

“Dominion” – 9 ( ** documentary @ dominionmovement.com )

“Stop biodiversity loss or we could face our own extinction, warns UN” ( theguardian.com/environment/2018/nov/03 )

“10 Dairy facts the industry doesn’t want you to know” ( freefromharm.org/dairyfacts )

“Cattle” ( en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cattle )

“Animal Product” ( en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_product )

“98 Important facts about animal cruelty” ( factretriever.com/animal-cruelty-facts )

“Animals used for transport” ( elhogar-animalsactuary.org/en/know-more/open-your-eyes/animals-used-for-transport )

“The Kill Counter” ( adapt.org/about/the-kill-counter )

“11 Startling stats about Earth’s disappearing wildlife” ( mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/blogs )

“Worldwide decline of the Entomofauna: a review of it’s drivers” ( sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii ) ELSEVIER

“Earth has lost half of it’s wildlife in the past 40 years, says WWF” ( theguardian.com/environment/2014/sep/29 )

“List of Endangered Species” ( awionline.org )

“How everyday use of palm oil products are killing orangutans” ( orangutantrekkingtours.com )

“The politics of extinction“ ( biologicaldiversity.org )

“Kill Counter“ ( adaptt.org )

“Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model“ – GLEAM ( fao.org )

“World Review of Fisheries and Agriculture – Part 1“ ( fao.org )

“Are chickens, cows and goats force bred, or do they breed naturally?” ( qura.com )

“3rd of early deaths could be prevented by everyone giving up meat, Harvard says” ( telegraphuk.com )

“Animal Testing 101” ( peta.org )

“If experiments on animals fail 90% of the time, why are they still done?” ( peta.org )

“About Puppy Mills” ( thepuppymillproject.org )

“2016 Animal Sheltering Stats” ( shelteringanimalscount.org )

“Moroccan authorities slaughter stray dogs ahead of FIFI visit” ( observer.france24.com )

“Torture not culture – China and the dog and cat meat trade” ( naturalblaze.com )

“US Government called to account for agency killing 4 million animals in 2013” ( theguardian.com )

“Abolition of Animal Exploitation: The journey will not begin while we are walking backwards” ( animalequality.net )

“Coalition challenges factory farms free pass on reporting pollution in emergencies” ( aldf.org )

“Animal Welfare Definition – Duhaime’s Law Dictionary” ( duhaime.org )

Section 2 – Wildlife

“The Cambridge Declaration On Consciousness” ( fcmconference.org )

“The rapid and startling decline of the world’s vast Boreal Forests” ( e360yale.edu )

“What is bear bile farming?” ( animalsasia.org )

“China’s tiger farms a threat to species” ( eia-international.org )

“The Black Market in China for tiger parts” ( tandfonline.com )

“Humane Society International takes a behind the scene look at Safari Club International meeting in Vegas” ( reviewjournal.com )

“Enjoy the circus? The animals don’t” ( paws.org )

“Disturbing footage of circus animal abuse leads to widespread reform” 60 Minutes Report ( cbsnews.com )

“Circuses and Road Shows” ( nhes.org )

“Sad But True: This is what life in the circus is doing to the health of performance animals” ( onegreenplanet.org )

“Stereotypic Behavior in Captive Wild Animals: Zoochosis” ( bornfree.org.uk )

“The Suffering of Animals Farmed for Fur, In Photos” ( featureshoot.com )

“A Federal Ban on Fur Farming Across the United States: Long Overdue Legislation” ( scholarship.suh.ed )

“Horrifying Footage of Animals being Electrocuted and Beaten at Fur Farm” ( unilad.co.uk )

“The Fur Trade: How Animals are Killed Globally on Fur Farms” (hsi.org )

“Stolen Lives, Animals Captured in the Wild” ( animalsasia.org )

“Exclusive Footage Shows Young Elephants Being Captured in Zimbabwe for Chinese Zoos” ( theguardian.com )

“Final Tally: Florida Hunt Killed 38 Mother Bears” ( sun-sentinel.com )

“The Negative Effect of Trophy Hunting” ( wilderness-society.org )

“Animals in Entertainment” ( wildlife-rescue.com )

“How Capturing Wild Animals to Stock Zoos Fuels Elephant Extinction” ( onegreenplanet.org )

Section 3 – Oceans

“2018 Was the Oceans Hottest Year. We’ll Feel it for a Long Time” ( nationalgeographic.com )

“The Age of Humans, Oceans Dead Zones are Getting Worse Globally Due to Climate Change” ( smithsonianmag.com )

“Declining Oxygen in the Global Ocean and Coastal Waters” ( science.sciencemag.org )

“Plastic Statistics, Plastic Ain’t so Fantastic” ( oceancrusaders.org )

“How Cellophane Changed the Way We Shop for Food” ( forbes.com )

“Life Span of Plastics is Far Too Long” ( marinesciencetoday.com )

“Half of all marine life lost in 40 years: WWF report” ( abc.net.au )

“Can we clean up, stop, or end harmful algal blooms?” ( oceanservice.noaa.gov )

“The Ocean is Dying”: Marine and Animal Life Die Offs, California Coast” ( globalresearch.ca )

“Facts and figures on marine pollution” ( unesco.org )

“Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Effect on Marine Mammals and Sea Turtles” ( oceanservice.noaa.gov )

“Believe it or not, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill was even worse than previously thought” ( grist.org )

“PLASTIC POLLUTION, UPDATES, NOT THE ANSWER, The Link Between Fossil Fuels, Single-Use Plastics, and Climate Change” ( surfrider.org )

“Factsheet: Marine pollution” ( sustainabledevelopment.un.org )

“How does oil impact marine life?” ( oceanservice.noaa.gov )

“A 14-year-long oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico verges on becoming one of the worst in U.S. history” ( washingtonpost.com )

“GULF OIL SPILL” ( ocean.si.edu )

“Fracking – the reality, the risks and what the future holds” ( theguardian.com )

“Remember the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster? The Trump Administration Wants You to Forget” ( blog.uscusa.org )

“Can fracking cause bigger, more frequent earthquakes?” ( theconversation.com )

“Fracking, Injecting and Quakes” ( seismo.berkeley.edu )

“Estimated Bycatch of Marine Mammals, Seabirds, and Sea Turtles in the US Commercial Groundsfish Fishery, 2002-2009 ( archive.fisheries.noaa.gov )

“Fish: the forgotten victims on our plate” ( theguardian.com )

“Bycatch – Overview” ( worldwildlife.org )

“Horrific cruelty of underwater factory farms’ ( theecologist.org )

“PART 1 World review of fisheries and aquaculture” ( foa.org )

“Mass Extinction” ( seaoflifemovie.com )

Section 4 – Livestock

“WHY YOU SHOULD CARE ABOUT THE MEAT INDUSTRY” ( wakingtimes.com )

“Wild Thing, How and Why Did Humans Domesticate Animals, and What Might this Tell Us About the Future of Our Species” ( aeon.co )

“False Advertising, Free Speech, and the Fight Over Plant-based and Lab-Grown Meat Alternatives” ( ipwatchdog.com )

“‘Milk Life’ is No Life at All for Dairy Cows” ( onegreenplanet.org )

“Sentient – Undercover Investigation Inside a Duck Slaughterhouse” ( youtube.com )

“A Medical Case for a Whole Food, Plant-Based Diet” ( opmed.doximity.com )

“Nutrition 2018: New data confirm health benefits of plant-based diet” ( medicalnewstoday.com )

“Healthy diet” ( who.int )

“The Comparative Anatomy of Eating” ( scibd.com )

“Donor Human Milk: The Next Best Thing to Mom” ( chop.edu )

“4 MISTAKES VEGANS MAKE ABOUT THEIR HEALTH” ( vegnews.com )

“Food Environments Key to Improved Eating Habits in Deprived Areas” ( foodnavigator.com )

“Agricultural Operations, Hazards & Controls, Animal Acquired Infections and Related Hazards” ( osha.gov )

“New plant-focused diet would ‘transform’ planet’s future, say scientists” ( theguardian.com )

“Is the Livestock Industry Destroying the Planet?” ( smithsonianmag.com )

“Environmental Consequences of Fishing Practices” ( environmentalscience.org )

“New report gives the lay of the land on grazing livestock’s climate impact” ( sciencedaily.com )

“Agriculture And Food Systems Unsustainable” ( ourworld.unu.edu )

“Animal Derived Ingredients List” ( peta.org )

“The Good Food Institute, What Do We Do” ( gfi.org )

“Lab-grown meat of the future is here – and may even sustainably fill demand” ( theguardian.com )

“Wild Type Makes Case For Cell – Based Meats in Economic Terms Alone” ( gfi.org )

“[ iAnimal ] A unique immersive experience into the lives of farm animals” ( ianimal.uk )

“Frontline, Modern Meat: Inside the Slaughterhouse” ( pbs.org )

“Campaign videos: Make it Possible” ( animalsautralia.org )

“Animal Slaughter – The Madness Behind Killing Animals For Food, The Madness Behind Meat – Gary Yousofsky” ( kinderworld.org )

“Animal Protection Index: D. USA Recognition of animal sentience and prohibition of animal suffering, Presence of animal welfare legislation, E. Protecting Animals Used in Farming” ( api.worldanimalprotection.org )

“Animals Australia: Slaughterhouse cruelty” ( animalsaustralia.org )

“Will We Ever Stop Eating Animal Meat?” ( theatlantic.com )

“The Hidden Link Between Factory Farms, Toxic Chemicals and Human Illness” ( organicconsumers.org )

“Animals used for food” ( animal-ethics.org )

“In The Belly of The Beast” ( rollingstone.com )

“2.5 Billion Pounds of Meat Piles Up in U.S. as Production Grows, Exports Slow” ( wsj.com )

“Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies” ( bmj.com )

“Q&A on the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat and processed meat” ( who.int )

“Search Results:1,525 results returned for “Meat and Dairy Outbreaks” ( searchcdc.org )

“Pulling Farm Antibiotics Won’t Fix All Our Superbug Woes” ( wired.com )

“Rise of mega farms: how the US model of intensive farming is invading the world” ( theguardian.com )

“African swine fever spreads to one of China’s biggest pig-farming regions” ( sg.news.yahoo.com )

“What will happen when Hurricane Florence hits North Carolina’s massive pig manure lagoons?” ( qz.com.cdn.ampproject.org )

“The Bacterial Mobile Resistome Transfer Network Connecting the Animal and Human Microbiomes” ( aem.asm.org )

“A Lot More People Are Already Dying From Superbugs Than You Realize” ( sciencealert.com )

“Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)” ( who.int )

“Meat, dairy, and cancer 1,2,3,4” ( ncbi.nim.nih.gov )

“Big Agriculture Bullies And Lobbies To Keep Americans In The Dark” ( forbes.com )

“Water Pollution From Slaughterhouses” ( environmentalintegrity.org )

“The Use of Drugs in Food Animals: Benefits and Risks, Food-Animal Production Practices and Drug Use” ( ncbi.nim.nih.gov )

“What Happens to Animal Waste?” ( foodprint.org )

“ONE OF THE LARGEST AQUIFERS IN THE WORLD IS DISAPPEARING BECAUSE OF FARMERS” ( inverse.com )

“Why Saudi Arabia bought 14,000 acres of US farm land” ( csmonitor.com )

“Animal Agriculture is the Leading Cause of Climate Change – A White Paper” ( climatehealers.org )

“Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers” ( science.sciencemag.org )

“Slaughterhouse in Iowa takes advantage of child labor” ( ncinet.org )

“Child labour in agriculture is on the rise, driven by conflict and disasters” ( fao.org )

“Corporate lobbying is blocking food reforms, senior UN official warns” ( theguardian.com )

“Iowa Ag-Gag Take Two –Taxpayers Will Foot the Bill to Defend Unconstitutional Proposed Law” ( aldf.org )

“Animal agriculture is choking the Earth and making us sick. We must act now” ( cncl.info )

“UNITED STATES TRAILS BEHIND MEXICO AND INDIA WHEN IT COMES TO ANIMAL PROTECTION LAWS, REPORT FINDS” ( newsweek.com )

Section 5 – Slaughterhouse

“Abattoir jobs aplenty but few regional workers are spare” ( theland.com.au )

“Meat Industry Is Struggling To Recruit – Because People Can’t Face Slaughtering Animals” ( plantbasednews.org )

“Slaughterhouse Worker Opens Up: ‘It Was A Vision Of Hell’” ( plantbasednews.org )

“Meat Packing: Packing industry faces labor shortage” ( wlj.net )

“Slaughterhouse cruelty: the human factor” ( animalsaustralia.org )

“What Do Animals Feel Before Slaughter?” ( kinderworld.org )

“Slaughterhouse cruelty — history repeating?” ( animalsaustralia.org )

“A Call to Action: Psychological Harm in Slaughterhouse Workers” ( yaleglobalhealthreview.com )

“Heartbreaking Video: Calf Begging The Abattoir Worker Not To Kill Him” ( kinderworld.org )

“Ethics Guide: Eating animals” ( bbc.co.uk )

“THE PERILS OF INDIFFERENCE” ( invisiblechildren.com )

“The Psychological Toll Of Working In A Slaughterhouse” ( renegadetribune.com )

“A Slaughterhouse Nightmare: Psychological Harm Suffered by Slaughterhouse Employees and the Possibility of Redress through Legal Reform” ( researchgate.net )

“Perpetration-induced Traumatic Stress: The Psychological Consequences of Killing” ( books.google.com )

“This Virtual Reality Slaughterhouse Could Turn You Vegetarian” ( vice.com )

“VIDEO: Dairy calf cruelty investigation” ( animalsaustralia.org )

“Killing Floor: The business of animal slaughter” ( counterpunch.org )

“Cow Slaughter – Video Exposing How Cows Are Killed In Slaughterhouses” ( kinderworld.org )

“Animal Outlook Sues USDA (Again) Over Reckless High-Speed Chicken Slaughter” ( animaloutlook.org )

“Mutilations at AgriProcessors Slaughterhouse—(Full Version)” ( peta.org )

“Claims abattoir workers drive up violent crime in local communities” ( weeklytimesnow.com.au )

“Slaughterhouses and Increased Crime Rates” ( animalstudies.msu.edu )

“Slaughterhouse workers are more likely to be violent, study shows” ( amp.news.com.au )

“WHO’S RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATING THE HEALTH IMPACT OF FACTORY FARMS?” ( hub.jhu.edu )

“Distribution of Industrial Farms in the United States and Socioeconomic, Health, and Environmental Characteristics of Counties” ( hidawi.com )

“New Human Rights Watch report highlights dangers in industry SPLC seeks to reform” ( splcenter.org )

“Animal Rights, Human Rights: Entanglements of oppression and Liberation” ( books.google.com )

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